_Online Required:_ W. E. B. DuBois,"Criteria of Negro Art," "The Negro in Literature and Art"; Renato Poggioli, "The Concept of the Avant-Garde"; "Richard Wright: "Blueprint for Negro Writing"
_Online Required:_ Alain Locke, "The New Negro"; Langston Hughes, "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain"; Romare Bearden: "The Negro Artist and Modern Art"; George Schuyler, "The Negro Art Hokum"
## Week 3: The Harlem Renaissance as an Avant-Garde Site
_Online Required:_ Poems by Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, and Langston Hughes
_Online Supplementary:_ Anne Elizabeth Carroll, "Introduction: Texts, Ideas, and Identities"; Peter Bürger, "Theory of the Avant-Garde and Critical Literary Science"
_Online Required:_ Richard Bruce Nugent, "Smoke, Lilies and Jade"; Langston Hughes, selected poems
_Online Supplementary:_ Anne Elizabeth Carroll, "The Importance of Multiple Identities: _Fire!!_ as an Avant-garde Arts Magazine"
Weekend online digital screening: _Looking for Langston_ (1989)
Students should take two poems from the complete list in the Harlem Renaissance Reader and read them using the critical pressure provided so far by the various critical texts (DuBois, Thomas, etc.) that we've read so far. If you want to bring in other theoretical/critical text addressing avant-gardism, that's fine, but be specific about which texts you're using. The chief aim of this first paper is to try, in a very short space, to analyze and offer conclusions about a given work of art in light our ongoing conceptualization of avant-gardism. How does the work fit or not fit our definitions? What are its internal contradictions? Specify your criteria and explore them as much as you can. You should be attentive not only to content, but also to the form(s) of the work.
## Week 4: Post-War Black Literary Avant-Gardes
_Online required:_ Selected poems by Hughes, Gwendolyn Brooks, Aimé Césaire (in translation), Russell Atkins
_Online supplementary:_ Michael North, "Race, the American Language, and the Americanist Avant-Garde"; Harry Elam, "The Device of Race"
_Online Required:_ selected poems by Ted Joans, Stephen Jonas, Bob Kaufman, Norman Pritchard
_Online supplementary:_ Michael North, "Against the Standard: Linguistic Imitation, Racial Masquerade and the Modernist Rebellion"
## Week 5: Adrienne Kennedy and (Black) Avant-Garde Theater
_Required:_ Kennedy, _Funny House of a Negro_
_Online supplementary:_ Erica Hunt, "Notes for an Oppositional Poetics"
_Required:_ Kennedy, _Funny House_ (cont.); Kennedy, _Ohio State Murders_
Students should take another *one* of the recent creative texts (it can be one of the poems by Atkins, Jonas, Kaufman, etc.; one of the Adrienne Kennedy plays; Baraka's _Dutchman_ or some of the poems from either the pre-Black Nationalist or Black National phase, etc.), and read it using at least one of the critical or historical texts *that you did not use* in your previous paper. As with the earlier short paper, you may bring in other critical texts addressing avant-gardism, but be specific about which texts you're using and cite them. The chief aim of this second paper is to try, in a very short space, to analyze and offer conclusions about a given work of art in light our ongoing conceptualization of avant-gardism. Please also add your own critical assessments based on close reading of the text. As with the earlier paper, a key question is, what are the text's aims, its internal contradictions as expressed in its language, its form or forms, its message? Specify your criteria and explore them as much as you can. Please be attentive not only to content, but also to the form(s) of the work.
## Week 6: Amiri Baraka and (Other Poet(rie)s of The) Black Art (s Movement)
_Required:_ Selected poems by LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka
_Online required:_ Selected poems by Nikki Giovanni and Carolyn Rogers
_Online Supplementary:_ Sell, "The Black Arts Movement: Performance, Neo-Orality and the Destruction of the "White Thing"
_Required:_ Jones/Baraka, _Dutchman_
Weekend online digital screening: _In Motion: Amiri Baraka_ (1983)
## Week 7: Ntozake Shange's Feminist Choreopoetics
_Required:_ Ntozake Shange, _for colored girls who have considered suicide when the rainbow is enuf_
_Online Supplementary:_ bell hooks, "Loving Blackness as Political Resistance"
_Required:_ Shange, _for colored girls_ (cont.)
For the Wikipedia project, students should select a writer we have read or another black literary or artistic figure whose work the student believes to be avant-garde, and then you should draft at least 3-4 changes, corrections, emendations, or expanded readings, in the areas of biography, bibliography, theoretical or critical readings, or even an illustrative excerpt of the authors work, to add to her or his page. These do _not_ have to be exhaustive, but they should add something substantial to the page of the writer/artist you select. Please print out the original Wikipedia page, and, after you have made your changes, the edited page. Please note that others across the world very well may use your changes to some degree, so verify any factual information you plan to incorporate; for any interpretive additions, be sure that you could argue them on the merits, and if you have links that buttress your argument, so much the better (and it also means Wikipedia won't flag your changes).
## Week 8: Renee Gladman and Avant-Garde Subjectivities/L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E Space
_Required:_ Renee Gladman, _Event Factory_
_Online Supplementary_: José Estéban Muñoz, "Performing Disidentifications";
_Required:_ Gladman, _Event Factory_ (cont.)
## Week 9: Nalo Hopkinson and Black Atlantic Futurism(s)
_Required:_ Nalo Hopkinson, _Midnight Robber_
_Online Supplementary:_ Alondra Nelson, "Introduction: Future Texts"; + handout(s)
_Required:_ Hopkinson, _Midnight Robber_ (cont.)
Weekend online digital screening: _Last Angel of History_ (1996)
## Week 10
Final Class Discussion
Thanksgiving Holiday – HAPPY THANKSGIVING!!!
## Week 11
Final Paper Guidelines
In your final paper, you should take one or two of the creative works we looked at during the class but which you haven't already addressed, and analyze it as thoroughly as you can in light of some of the issues we have been raising during our class discussions. As you engage in your critical analysis, which should include some close textual reading, try to keep in mind the central theme of avant-gardism, and its various modes and forms of articulation in the works you are writing about. _Making and proving your argument are paramount._
As with the earlier short papers, you may bring in other critical texts (by Adorno, Benjamin, Lyotard, Chakravorty Spivak, Greenblatt, E. Patrick Johnson, etc.) that offer useful theoretical interventions. You may also cite theoretical concepts more broadly (such as psychoanalytic theory, performance theories, etc.). If you bring in biographical information on a given artist, please be sure to cite your sources. In all cases, be specific about which texts you're using and _be sure to cite them clearly_ (please use the MLA Handbook style).
As with the earlier papers, and beginning with your thesis statement, you should seek to delineate what you see as at least one of the text's chief aims, its internal contradictions as expressed in its language, its form or forms, and its message. Specify your criteria and explore them as much as you can. As before, please be attentive not only to content, but also to the form(s) of the work.